In the early in 1960s, the world started to become more humanitarian and to keep up with this change, Canada started to change their immigration policies to become less discriminatory. Before, due to such discriminator immigration policies, it was becoming increasingly difficult for Canada to attract immigrants. Canada slowly translated from being a melting pot to a mosaic.

An example of a mosaic, where little pieces form the big picture

Ellen Fairclough decided to implement immigration policies based on education and occupational skills to reduce the number of sponsored immigrants. With sponsorship comes unskilled immigrants, which hinders Canada’s economy. She was successful in incorporating less discriminatory immigration policies in 1962.

The 1962 Policy essentially lessened the amount of discrimination found in the immigration policies. This was done to lessen the sponsorship privileges and replace it when policies that reflect one’s education and occupational skills. Europeans did have less strict rules than Asians, but these rules were less strict than before.100 Chinese refugee families were granted special admission in 1962 by the Canadian government from Honk Kong. Not only that, the government made special supplies for the adoption of non- “white” children.

As time went on, another piece of document, referred to as the White Paper was established in 1966 to suppress the sponsorship in Canada. It’s mandate was to inform the public about the immigration affairs. This piece of document served as a suppressor to the sponsorship immigration, in that numerous unskilled immigrants arrived in Canada, making Canada’s economy drop. This paper encouraged immigrants to bring their families with them, instead of sponsoring them. However, certain people were forbidden to enter, including those that fall in the following categories: those suspected in organized crimes or rebellious organizations.

Knowledge of either French or English was a requirement as part of the Point System

After the White Paper, the Point System was initiated; this was one of the most revolutionary aspect of the Canadian immigration policy, established in 1967.This system removed the problems and issues regarding sponsored immigration, and created 9 factors for independent applicants; by doing so, both skilled, unskilled, and Third World country people were able to enter Canada. Applicants were able to score a maximum of 100 points with a 50 point-minimum to enter Canada. This system created 5 long term criteria, which includes education, personal characteristic traits, training, skills, and age. Four short-term criteria may also suffice immigration officials of the applicant’s ability to live in Canada. These included: arranged employment, knowledge of French or English, having a relative somewhere in Canada, and the overall availability of jobs in Canada.

In 1975, the Green Paper was issued, which essentially was the opposing document of the White Paper: it encouraged diverse ethnicity, which included unskilled workers. But of course, these unskilled workers would work in rural, harsh conditions. Essentially, this Paper suggested that “less educated” immigrants would be willing to settle in areas of little population and uncomfortable conditions. This Paper interconnected the Canadian immigration policy to Canada’s labour requirements, introduced the idea of ethnic diversity, but cautioned that extreme amounts of immigration to urban centres can cause housing and transportation problems.

The Immigration of Act of 1976 was established by the Canadian government, which  still supported the points system, and the wider selection of immigrants based on labour requirements. This Act (which came into force in 1978) further increased the selection of immigrants (ethnic diversity), removed the “preferred immigrants” barriers, and created a detailed appeals procedures. Canada was transformed into a federal and bilingual nation through this Act, and encouraged immigration in a manner that would reunify families and make the economy of Canada sustainable and strong.

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