Map of Ireland

By 1950, Canada required more immigrants in order for its economy to be sustainable. Therefore, Canada opened up its gates for different types of Europeans in June 1950. This change of type of immigrants didn’t interfere with the preference for British, Irish, French, and American immigrants. They were still believed to be linguistically, and socially suitable to be easily assimilated. Plus, excluding Asians, these residents were able to sponsor their relatives. With this sponsorship, unskilled, semi-skilled, and skilled immigrants began arriving in Canada to work in domestics, agriculturalists, entrepreneurs, and professionals.

Map of India

India, Pakistan, and Ceylon were 3 countries through which Canada agreed immigrants to enter in 1951. With these conditions, a particular number of immigrants were able to come to Canada from these newly-independent countries: 150 nations of India, 100 nationals of Pakistan, and 50 nationals of Ceylon were able to immigrate to Canada yearly. Plus, starting from 1953, all immigrants were required to have passports and visas.

The Immigration Act of 1952 brought about great change to the Canadian immigration policies. The most important section of the Act, section 61, describes how this Act essentially empowers the immigration officer to reject an immigrant based on nationality, which included ethnic background and the area of where you were born; unfamiliar customs including habits, modes of life, or unusual ways carrying property; climatic, educational, economic or industrial suitability; and how well you may assimilate to becoming a “Canadian.” This particular Act displayed how being a Canadian citizen is a privilege, rather than a right. Plus, Asian immigrants were permitted entrance into Canada if: a wife, husband, or an unmarried child under twenty-one years of age of a Canadian citizen resident in Canada with the financial ability to take care of the immigrants.

To get around this Act, many people resorted to sponsorship; most of these sponsors settled  Toronto. This city was the location for over 50% of the immigrants to Canada. Some ethnic groups sponsored more immigrants than others. For instance, over 90% of the Italian population were sponsored relatives, and Italians became the ethnic groups with the highest rating of sponsored immigration. The white people living in Canada feared that such large number of unskilled sponsored immigrants would lower wages and create ghetto-like slums in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Only 5% of the total arriving immigrants in Canada were non-white, non European until 1957.