Dominion- State attached to the British Crown and member of the British Empire. Although a Dominion may control its internal affairs, it must abide by the decisions of Great Britain when it comes to relations with foreign countries.
British Empire- Group that includes Great Britain and its colonies. In 1914, it was the largest empire in the world and its possessions extended to all continents. Canada help the status of Dominion. As relations between Great Britain and its colonies evolved, several colonies began to want more autonomy.
Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF)- Army formed in Canada in 1914 to serve overseas. The contingent was governed by British Armed Forces Law and held the status of a colonial troop.
Colony- Country that is not completely sovereign and is under the authority of another country.
Sovereignty- Characteristic of a State that is not under the authority of another State.
Imperialism- Movement designed to maintain the ties between Canada and the British Empire. Imperialists felt that Dominions must be considered as equal partners with the empire, not simple colonies.
Conscription- Recruiting system that ranks the population (as a rule, men only) by age. Some categories were then eliminated and people who would normally be exempt from duty were forced into service. In Canada, conscription was established by vote in the House of Commons.
Military Service Act- Law adopted on August 29, 1917 to gather 100,000 men as reinforcements for the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The law, which contained numerous exceptions, was applied erratically. Although 99,561 people were conscripted as a resulted of the law, only 24,100 soldiers actually fought at the front before the end of the war.
French-Canadian nationalism- Henri Bourassa’s notion of nationalism law in the union of two founding peoples (anglophone and francophone) when Confederation was achieved by 1867. These two peoples were to be equal and enjoy the same privileges. This was in opposition to the dogma of imperialism.
Bill 17- Ontario government bill passed in 1912, which restricted French instruction in Ontario public schools. The law prompted great resentment among French-speaking populations across the country.
Military Voters Act- Law that extended the right to vote to all men and women in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.
War-time Elections Act- Law which extended the right to vote to the mothers, wives, and sisters of the soldiers serving, while at the same time refusing that right to citizens from enemy countries.